Monthly Archives: February 2014

The Many Faces of Lyme

Thought Lyme disease was a few traceable symptoms? Think Again. Here is a compiled list of symptoms. Lyme disease doesn’t effect the same two people in the same ways, another reason why so difficult to diagnose. Lyme disease has been coined as “The Great Imitator”.

Lyme Disease Symptoms:

AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM/ENDOCRINE/IMMUNE/HORMONE:
Abnormal sensitivity to hot or cold
Allergies (nasal, other; new, increased or worsening)
Canker sores (frequent)
Chills and/or shakes when hungry (may occur instead of feeling hungry)
Cold hands and feet
Extreme fatigue after minimal exertion
Feeling hot or cold often
Flu-like symptoms, on-going or recurrent after initial gradual or acute onset; includes mild fever (99.5-101.5 F / 37.5-38.6 C), chills
Hair loss (alopecia)
Herpes simplex or shingles rash
Increased susceptibility to infections
Low-grade fevers
Low blood pressure (below 110/70)
Low body temperature (below 97.5)
Lymph nodes painful, swollen (in neck; under arms)
Night sweats (not related to menopause or fever)
Orthostatic Intolerance (neurally mediated hypotension)
Reactive hypoglycemia and insulin resistance
Thirst, increased
Temperature irregularities; often feeling hot or cold irrespective of actual ambient temperature and body temperature; low body temperature (below 97.6 F / 36.4 C)
Thyroid inflammation (acute thyroiditis; hypothyroidism; Hashimoto’s thyroiditis)

CARDIOPULMONARY/RESPIRATORY/CIRCULATORY:
Cardiac abnormalities (mitral valve prolapse; myocarditis; tachycardia; palpitations; dysrhythmia)
Cough
Dyspnea (out of breath) or shortness of breath (air hunger) after minimal or no exertion
Heart attack
Heart palpitations
Heart pounds so hard it shakes body, bed
Pulse skips
Serious rhythm disturbances of heart
Sighing, frequent, not related to mental/emotional state
Stroke
Vasculitis

CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM/NEUROLOGIAL/NEUROPATHIC/OTOLOGIC:
Abnormal CAT, MRI and/or SPECT scans
Alcohol intolerance
Aseptic meningitis
“Brainfog”; inability to think clearly
Difficulty moving tongue to speak
Diminished or absent reflexes
Fainting or blackouts; feeling like you might faint
Headaches (frequent, severe, recurring)
Hearing fluctuations (sounds fade then return)
Hearing changes, often from day to day (need to turn up, then down, volume of radio, TV)
Joint or arthritic pain not relieved by NSAIDs (ie, ibuprofen)
Libido (decreased)
Light-headedness, feeling spaced-out
Migraine headaches
Muscle twitching
Noise intolerance
Paralysis or severe weakness of limb
Parasthesias (numbness, tingling, crawling, itching sensations) in face, head, torso, extremities
Photosensitivity
Radiculitis
Seizures; seizure-like episodes
Sensory alterations (hyper- or hyposensitivity) – smell, taste, hearing (noise intolerance)
Severe muscle weakness
Syncope (fainting)
Tinnitus (ringing/noises in one or both ears)
Touch or weight of clothing on or against body causes discomfort or pain
Tremors, trembling

COGNITIVE FUNCTION:
Becoming lost in familiar locations when driving
Difficulty with simple calculations (e.g., balancing checkbook)
Difficulty expressing ideas in words
Difficulty moving your mouth to speak
Difficulty making decisions
Difficulty following directions while driving
Difficulty remembering names of objects
Difficulty remembering names of people
Difficulty recognizing faces
Difficulty following simple written instructions
Difficulty following complicated written instructions
Difficulty following simple oral (spoken) instructions
Difficulty following complicated oral (spoken) instructions
Difficulty integrating information (putting ideas together to form a complete picture or concept)
Difficulty putting tasks or things in proper sequence
Difficulty paying attention
Difficulty following a conversation when background noise is present
Difficulty making and/or retrieving memories (long/short-term memory deficits)
Difficulty understanding what you read
Easily distracted during a task
Feeling too disoriented to drive
Forgetting how to do routine things
Forgetting the use of common objects (such as, what to do with the shampoo when you are standing in the shower)
Forgetting how to get to familiar places
Impaired ability to concentrate
Losing your train of thought in the middle of a sentence
Losing track in the middle of a task (remembering what to do next)
Poor judgment
Switching left and right
Slowed and/or slurred speech
Stuttering; stammering
Transposition (reversal) of numbers, words and/or letters when you speak and/or speak
Word-finding difficulty
Using the wrong word

DIGESTIVE/HEPATIC:
Bloating; intestinal gas
Decreased appetite
Digestive chemicals (acid, enzymes) reduced or absent
Esophageal reflux; heartburn
Frequent constipation
Frequent diarrhea
Food cravings (especially carbohydrates, sweets)
Food/Substance intolerance
IBS
Liver function impaired; mild abnormalities
Increased appetite
Nausea
Spleen tender or enlarged
Stomach ache, cramps
Vomiting
Weight gain or loss

EQUILIBRIUM/PERCEPTION:
Bite your cheeks or tongue frequently
Bump into things frequently
Difficulty discriminating printed matter despite proper vision correction
Distances (difficulty judging when driving; when putting things down on surfaces)
Dizziness or vertigo
Dropping things frequently
Dysequilibrium (balance problems)
Impaired coordination
Loss of balance when standing with eyes closed
Perception (not quite seeing what you are looking at)
Some patterns (stripes, checks) cause dizziness
Spatial disorientation
Staggering gait (clumsy walking)
Words on printed page appear to jump off page or disappear when staring at them

EYES/VISION:
Acuity changes not related to prescription changes
Blind spots
Blurred vision
Conjunctivitis
Diminished visual acuity in absence of actual vision change
Drooping eyelid
Double vision
Eye pain
Flashes of light perceived peripherally
Optic neuritis or atrophy
Oscillopsia (image jiggles)
Prescription changes more frequently
Pressure sensation behind eyes
Red and/or tearing eyes
Retinal damage
Slowed accommodation (switching focus from far to near, near to far)
Spots or floaters not related to migraines
Swelling around eyes
Uveitis and/or iritis
Wandering or lazy eye

HEAD/NECK/MOUTH:
Bell’s palsy (facial paralysis, one or both sides)
Bruxism (grinding/clenching teeth)
Canker sores
Dizziness when you turn your head or move
Dry chronic cough
Dry eyes, nose and mouth (sicca syndrome)
Pain in ears, palate, gums
Periodontal disease
Prickling pain along skin of jaw
Problems swallowing, chewing
Runny nose in absence of cold, allergies
Sinus infections
Sore spot on the top of your head
Temperomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ)
Unexplained toothaches
Xerostoma (dry mouth)

MUSCULOSKELETAL:
Arthritic pain that migrates from joint to joint
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Frozen shoulder
Intermittent joint swelling
Joint aches (arthralgia)
Joint pain, without redness or swelling
Loss of tone
“Lumpy, bumpy” long muscles
Morning stiffness
Muscle aches (myalgia)
Muscle pain, stiffness, weakness
Pyriform muscle syndrome
Reduced range of motion
Stiff neck
Writing causes pain in hand, arm shoulder

PAIN SYMPTOMS:
Abdominal pain
Chest pain
Generalized pain
Joint Pain
Pain that migrates from joint to joint
Pain/stiffness at C1-C2 (top two vertebrae)
Shooting or stabbing pains
Painful tender points (FMS: 11 out of 18 tender points)

PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS/MOOD/EMOTIONS:
Abrupt/Unpredictable mood swings
Anxiety or fear for no obvious reason
Appetite increase/decrease
Decreased self-esteem
Depression or depressed mood
Feeling helpless and/or hopeless
Feeling worthless
Frequent crying for no reason
Helpless/Hopeless feelings
Inability to enjoy previously enjoyed activities
Irritability; over-reaction
New phobias/irrational fears
Panic attacks
Personality changes (labile, irritable, anxious, confused, forgetful)
Phobias (irrational fears)
Rage attacks; anger outbursts for little or no reason
Suicidal thoughts or suicide attempts

SENSITIVITIES:
Acute or abnormal reactions to medications
Alteration in taste, smell, and/or hearing
Chemicals (alcohol, medications; lower tolerance for)
Food sensitivities
Increased perception of and sensitivity to noise
Light sensitivity
Sensitivity to odors (able to detect and/or react in concentrations far lower than before and that healthy people cannot smell)

SKIN/NAILS:
Abnormal scarring
Acrodermatitis Chronica Atrophician
Blotchy or mottled skin
Bruise easily
Bruises may take longer to appear, and/or longer to fade
Bull’s-eye (Erythema migrans) on light skin (resembles a bruise on dark skin)
Dermographia (minor scratch pressure on skin leaves vivid red welts)
Dry, itchy skin
Easily scar
Eczema or psoriasis
Fragile nails
Frequent skin irritations
Lymphadenosis benigna cutis
Nails that curve under or downward
Overgrowing connective tissue (ingrown hair, adhesions, thickened/split cuticles, cysts, fibroids)
Painful skin (abnormal/excessive pain when scratched or rubbed)
“Paper” skin (feels fragile, tissue-thin when rubbed)
Rashes on body, face
Vertical ridges or beads in nails

SLEEP SYMPTOMS:
Abnormal brain activity in stage 4 sleep
Altered sleep/wake patterns (alert/energetic late at night, sleepy during day
Difficulty falling asleep
Difficulty staying asleep (frequent and/or prolonged awakenings)
Hypersomnia (excessive sleeping)
Myclonus (restless leg syndrome; occasional jerking of entire body)
Nightmares (frequent, extremely vivid and/or disturbing)
Unrefreshing/Non-restorative sleep

UROGENITAL/REPRODUCTIVE:
Decreased libido
Discharge from breast or galactorrhea
Endometriosis
Frequent urination
Incontinence
Impotence
Infant: premature; low birth weight; low muscle tone; failure to thrive
Interstitial cystitis
Miscarriage or stillbirth
Painful intercourse
Painful urination or bladder
Pelvic and/or rectal pain
Prostate pain
Swollen testicles
Other symptoms worsen before start of menstruation
Worsening of PMS

OTHER:
Abnormal or other changes in sweating
Activity level reduced to less than 50% of pre-onset level
Burning sensation (internal and/or external)
Cancer
Changed voice
Changes in sweat odor/body odor
Delayed reaction to overactivity/exertion (onset 24-48 hours after exertion)
Electromagnetic (EM) sensitivity (electrical storms, full moon, affect function of electrical devices)
Fatigue, prolonged, disabling, made worse by exertion or stress
Fibrocystic breasts
“Galloping” cholesterol and triglycerides
Hair loss (not related to age, hormones, diet, medication)
Hands hurt excessively when put in cold water
Handwriting changes, altering signature and/or other writing
Hoarseness
Painful, weak grasp that gives way/lets go
Periods of concentrated thinking causes physical and mental exhaustion, increases pain
Sore throat
Swelling/Idiopathic edema (fluid retention syndrome)
Symptoms worsened by extremes of temperature (hot, cold), stress, and/or air travel
Symptoms change focus from time to time, like infection is moving through the body
Thickened mucus secretions (nose, bowel, vaginal)
Thickened “sleep” around eyes in mornings
Very attractive to biting flies and mosquitoes
Weight changes (usually gain)

COMMON CO-INFECTIONS AND DISORDERS:
Babesiosis
Bartonella
Ehrlichiosis
Mycoplasma
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)
Herpesvirus
HHV6
Iron deficiency
Mercury or other metal toxicity
Systemic mold and/or mold sensitivities

Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterPin on PinterestGoogle+Share on StumbleUponshare on TumblrShare on LinkedInEmail to someone

Dangers of Root Canals

Most dentists and endodontists in the US are probably unaware of the studied and documented relationship between root-canaled teeth and degenerative disease. I’ve had numerous root canals and until recently, I was also unaware of the 25 years of research done that the American Dental Association has not been forthcoming about.

root2web

This research, which was carried out by the late Dr. Weston Price and sixty of the leading scientists of his time, is outlined in detail by Dr. George Meinig in the book Root Canal Cover-Up (Bion Publishing,1994). Ironically, Dr. Meinig was one of the original founders of the American Association of Endodontists. During his 47 years of practice, he performed countless root canals only to discover after his retirement the work of Dr. Price. Believing the dental profession would require more studies upon learning of this long-buried research, Dr. Meinig wrote Root Canal Cover-Up and began lecturing about the dangers of root canals.

The dental industry is the ONLY industry to leave a dead structure in the body. One significant finding of Dr. Price’s research was that root-canaled teeth are not sterile—and indeed could not be sterilized—even after they were extracted and submitted to sterilizing procedures. Dr Price learned that when a tooth was implanted under the skin of a rabbit, the rabbit contracted the same disease suffered by the former owner of the root-canaled tooth.

Dr. Price found that numerous types of degenerative illnesses – heart/kidney/lung/bladder and others diseases – could be easily transferred to the rabbits. Not just from implanting the whole infected tooth under their skin, but also by embedding small pieces of the root, injecting pulverized teeth (a powder), or even just the toxins from the teeth after being cultured in the lab. The other part of this experiment showed that a lot of his patients recovered from their afflictions after removing the root canal teeth. For a person who is chronically ill and has exhausted other avenues of treatment, hearing this news can provide much needed hope and direction.

If all this research about root canals is so important, you may wonder why it was covered up. Apparently, the work of Dr. Price (who was known as “the world’s greatest dentist”) was covered up because of a controversy among dentists and physicians about the validity of the “focal infection theory.” This theory was originally introduced in 1904 by Dr. Frank Billings of the Chicago University Medical School. Dr. Billings’ theory was substantiated by a monumental 1174-page, two-volume body of research produced later by Dr. Price.

Basically, the focal infection theory states that infected teeth, tonsils, sinuses, or other areas of infection hold bacteria that can travel through the bloodstream to other glands, organs, or tissues, and subsequently set up infection in the new site. In other words, infection can spread from one part of the body to another, in the same way cancer cells can spread (metastasize) via the circulating blood. Under the stresses of oxygen and nutrient deprivation, these formerly friendly organisms left in a root-canaled tooth morph into stronger, more virulent anaerobes that produce a variety of potent toxins. What were once ordinary, friendly oral bacteria mutate into highly toxic pathogens lurking in the tubules of the dead tooth, just awaiting an opportunity to spread.

Most people believe that the whole point of root canals is to remove (or prevent) infection and thus, to leave a non-offending tooth. Unfortunately, this doesn’t necessarily work. Why not? Because under the white part of the tooth (the enamel) is the dentin, which is actually comprised of about three miles of microscopic tubules.When the pulp of a tooth is removed and filled (root-canaled), the tooth no longer has the capacity to flush out the bacteria that accumulate in these tiny tubules of the dentin. To make matters worse, common X-rays are not magnified enough to reveal these tubules, much less the bacteria in them, so infection may go unnoticed in its early stages. The point is, the white part of the tooth is alive—just as bone is alive—and it needs a live nerve and artery to keep it healthy. It’s that simple.

How about these statistics:

Dr. Robert Jones, a researcher of the relationship between root canals and breast cancer, found an extremely high correlation between root canals and breast cancer. He found the following correlations in a five-year study of 300 breast cancer cases:

  • 93 percent of women with breast cancer had root canals
  • 7 percent had other oral pathology
  • Tumors, in the majority of cases, occurred on the same side of the body as the root canal(s) or other oral pathology

Dr. Jones states that toxins from the bacteria in an infected tooth or jawbone are able to inhibit the proteins that suppress tumor development. A German physician reported similar findings. Dr. Josef Issels reported that, in his 40 years of treating “terminal” cancer patients, 97 percent of his cancer patients had root canals. If these physicians are correct, the cure for cancer may be as simple as having a tooth pulled, then rebuilding your immune system.

In a continuation of Dr. Price’s work, the Toxic Element Research Foundation (TERF) used DNA analysis to examine root-canaled teeth, and they found bacterial contamination in 100 percent of the samples tested. They identified 42 different species of anaerobic bacteria in 43 root canal samples. In cavitations, 67 different bacteria were identified among the 85 samples tested, with individual samples housing between 19 to 53 types of bacteria each. The bacteria they found included the following types:

  • Capnocytophagaochracea
  • Fusobacteriumnucleatum
  • Gemellamorbillorum
  • Leptotrichiabuccalis
  • Porphyromonasgingivalis

Since When is Leaving A Dead Body Part IN Your Body a Good Idea?

There is no other medical procedure that involves allowing a dead body part to remain in your body. When your appendix dies, it’s removed. If you get frostbite or gangrene on a finger or toe, it is amputated. If a baby dies in utero, the body typically initiates a miscarriage.

Your immune system doesn’t care for dead substances, and just the presence of dead tissue can cause your system to launch an attack, which is another reason to avoid root canals—they leave behind a dead tooth.

Infection, plus the autoimmune rejection reaction, causes more bacteria to collect around the dead tissue. In the case of a root canal, bacteria are given the opportunity to flush into your blood stream every time you bite down.

 

References:


Adaptions from Dr Mercola  and Cat Saunders with part of this article revised and updated from the original, which was published by The New Times in 1996.

Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterPin on PinterestGoogle+Share on StumbleUponshare on TumblrShare on LinkedInEmail to someone

Videos on the Dangers of Root Canals

I will be adding more videos, but I started with a few from Hal Huggins who is a pioneer in biological dentistry and advanced all the research of Weston Price. I also included Dr Mercola who offers a wealth of information on less than mainstream medical knowledge and a video from the Hippocrates Institute; one of the most advanced alternative teaching facilities in the country.

iHealthTube.comSafe Alternatives to Root Canals

Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterPin on PinterestGoogle+Share on StumbleUponshare on TumblrShare on LinkedInEmail to someone

What is Biological Dentistry?

What is a biological dentist? It is a dentist that recognizes teeth are not a separate function from your body- After much research it is now my belief that all dentists should be trained biologically for the health of their patients. The healthiest people tend to have the healthiest teeth and the unhealthiest people, the most compromised teeth. Sadly, regular dentists are quick to preform root canals without educating their patients of the potential dangers that have been studied and recognized. It is the ONLY practice that will leave a dead structure in the body. For more on the dangers of root canals please click here. Dentists also still use a host of materials including many metals that are toxic to the body and cause numerous reactions and autoimmune problems in many people. Do you know what is in your mouth?

Biological dentists, operate according to the belief system that your teeth are an integral part of your body and hence your overall health. They recognize that your oral and dental health have a major influence on other disease processes in your body. Any standard medical treatment performed takes this fact into account. The primary aim of biological dentistry is to resolve your dental problems while working in harmony with the rest of your body. In other words, A biological dentist treats the patient holistically while a traditional dentist treats the patient symptomatically.

A biological dentist studies the mouth in order to determine the effects it’s causing to the health of the whole body, especially one’s immune system, which is particularly vulnerable to becoming weakened by the effect of toxins being delivered into the body through the mouth. Diseases in the body become exposed when the effects of all those toxins become too great for the body to fight any longer.

Until recently it was largely denied that mercury and silver amalgam fillings were the cause of some illnesses affecting the human body, however, biological practitioners have always known that the body’s physical health is a reflection of what goes in the mouth. An off-balance dysfunction in one area will eventually show up as disease in another area of the body.

One of the highest priorities for a biological dentist is heavy metal removal. Heavy metals effect both the immune system and neurological health. Heavy metal toxicity is scientifically linked to Autism, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and numerous other diseases. The issue of mercury fillings is no longer conjecture. For more in depth information on the dangers of mercury please read here.

 

Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterPin on PinterestGoogle+Share on StumbleUponshare on TumblrShare on LinkedInEmail to someone

Lyme 101

WHAT IS LYME DISEASE?

Lyme disease is a world-wide infectious disease caused by microscopic bacteria carried by tiny ticks.

B. burgdorferi, a spiral bacteria (spirochete) that causes Lyme Disease, seen through a microscope.

HOW IS LYME TRANSMITTED?

There are several species of deer ticks across the US that become infected with the spiral bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi.

Unsuspecting humans and animals walking through woodlands and brushy areas may be bitten by a tick and never know it. The tiny ticks, some the size of poppy seeds, may stay on your body for hours to days. The tick engorges itself with blood. If infected, the spirochete is transmitted to the bloodstream of the person or animal during the bite.

WHAT IF I SUSPECT EXPOSURE?

Early recognition is important. If you find a tiny tick attached to your skin, if you were in a known
tick-infested area, or if you have symptoms described herein, see your physician.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

A characteristic red bulls-eye rash (EM) at the site of the bite is present in less than 40% of
patients. The rash may appear within days to weeks after the bite, but could be hidden in hairline
or underarms.

EM RASH – Rashes from other bacteria in the tick may show up immediately. Typically the rash from

Lyme bacteria appears days or weeks after the bite. Some patients report flu-like symptoms, fever, aches, fatigue, neck stiffness, jaw discomfort, muscle pain and stiffness, swollen glands, and red eyes. Symptoms may appear, disappear and reappear at various times.

Nervous system abnormalities include memory loss and partial facial paralysis (Bell’s palsy).
Migratory joint pains, and pains in the tendons, muscles and bones may occur later in the disease. Arthritic symptoms, if present, usually affect the large joints like the knees.

HOW IS LYME DISEASE DIAGNOSED?

Lyme disease is a clinical diagnosis. This means that the physician makes the diagnosis using your
clinical history and symptoms. If a physician observes an EM rash, a diagnosis of Lyme disease will
be made. If a rash is not seen by a physician, laboratory tests are often needed to help with the
diagnosis.

CAN TICKS BE TESTED?

Not all ticks are infected with the spiral bacterium, B. burgdorferi. If the tick was saved, it can be
tested by our laboratory for the presence of the Lyme bacteria using a test called PCR. We also test
ticks for Babesia microti andor Babesia duncani (formerly WA-1), Ehrlichia, Bartonella henselae and
Rickettsia (Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever). These diseases are also carried by ticks.

A Nymph, which is a baby tick, can be as small as the dot at the end of this sentence.

Tick in Nymph stage is the size of a poppy seed.

ARE THERE OTHER TICK-BORNE DISEASES?

The same tick that carries the bacteria that causes Lyme Disease, can also transmit other illnesses.
The most common are Babesiosis, Ehrlichiosis, and Bartonella henselae and Rocky Mountain
Spotted fever (Rickettsia). It is estimated that up to 20% of the ticks with Lyme disease may have
one of these other diseases. Babesiosis is like malaria with the symptoms of acute disease being
fever, chills, vomiting and fatigue. It is usually self-limiting except in Lyme patients and those who
have undergone splenectomy. There are two forms of Ehrlichiosis: Anaplasma phagocytophila
(HGE) and HME (Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis). HGE is primarily on the East coast, upper Midwest
and California. HME is primarily in the Southeast, lower Midwest and Southwest, with cases reported
in CA, NJ, NY, and WI. These acute diseases may have symptoms of fever, chills, vomiting and
fatigue and require prompt antibiotics. Subclinical forms of these diseases may be present in
patients with Lyme disease.

WHAT TESTS ARE AVAILABLE?

A variety of tests is available. Many doctors who are unfamiliar with Lyme disease just use the
Lyme test available in their local laboratory. This is usually the Lyme ELISA. This tests measure a
patient’s antibody, IgM and/or IgG, in response to exposure to the Lyme bacteria. By today’s standards, these tests are not very sensitive. IGeneX, Inc. will only perform the ELISA test in
conjuction with Western Blots.

The Lyme IFA (performed as part of a Lyme Panel) detects IgG, IgM and IgA antibodies against
B. burgdorferi. IgM-specific titers usually persist in the presence of disease. Antibody levels tend to rise above background levels about 2-3 weeks after infection and may remain elevated in case of prolonged disease.

The WESTERN BLOT tests (IgG and/or IgM) can visualize the exact antibodies you are making to
the Lyme bacteria. In some cases the laboratory may be able to say that your “picture of Lyme
antibodies” is consistent with early disease or with persistent/recurrent disease. Not all patients
have antibodies at all times when tested. Antibodies are more commonly detected within the first
year after infection, although reinfection may cause a significant rebirth of antibodies. At most, only
60% of patients have antibodies early, and the presence of antibodies alone does not make a
diagnosis of disease.

The LYME DOT BLOT ASSAY (LDA) looks for the presence of pieces of the Lyme bacteria in urine. When compared to the Western Blot, , they both had similar sensitivities; however, the immunodot assay was more specific and had greater positive predictive value than the Western blot assay. The results obtained indicate that the immunodot assay performs as well as or better than the Western blot assay for diagnosing Lyme borreliosis. Furthermore, because it uses a limited panel (n = 5) of antigens, the immunodot is easier to read and interpret than standard Western blots. cvi.asm.org/content/5/4/503.short

The PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) Test, a highly specific and sensitive test detects the presence of the DNA of the Lyme bacteria. The PCR test is often the only marker that is positive in all stages of Lyme disease. The test can be performed on blood, serum, urine, CSF and miscellaneous fluids/tissues. Unfortunately, Lyme bacteria like to “hide” in the body, therefore, PCR can often be negative. Studies performed on different sample types suggest that performing PCR on multiple sample types improves assay sensitivity.

WHICH TEST IS BEST?

Lyme Disease is very complicated to diagnose because:

Lyme bacteria are not always detectable in the whole blood, even in active disease. The bacteria like to hide in joints, teeth, the heart, and the brain.
Every patient responds differently to an infection.
Antibodies may only be present for a short time.
For patients with clinical symptoms of Lyme Disease who test negative by the IFA Screen or IgG or IgM Western Blot, the Whole Blood PCR or the LDA/Multiplex PCR Panel on urine may be appropriate. There are physician developed antibiotic protocols to enhance the sensitivity of the LDA. In addition, there seems to be increased sensitivity of this test during the start of menses.

Lyme Disease Tests

IgG/IgM/IgA Screen (IFA)*
IgG/IgM and IgM Antibody ELISA
C6 Peptide
IgG Western Blot and IgM Western Blot
30/31 kDA Confirmation Test*
Lyme Dot Blot Assay (LDA)*
Reverse Western Blot (Confirmation test for LDA)*
Multiplex PCR for urine, whole blood, serum, CSF
Multiplex PCR for Miscellaneous samples (ex: Skin biopsy, breast milk, semen)
In addition to Lyme Disease, a co-infection may be suspected for Babesiosis, Ehrlichiosis, Bartonella or Rickettsia. We offer tests for these other tick-borne illnesses. The tests are IFA (fluorescent antibody) or direct tests by PCR. In the case of Babesia, we offer PCR tests for both B. microti and Babesia duncani (West Coast strain). In addition, we offer a Babesia FISH (fluorescent in situ hybridization) test that detects Babesia parasites directly on air-dried blood smears. The FISH test is highly specific for Babesia, unlike the standard test, the geimsa stain smear, which is neither sensitive or specific.

Babesiosis Tests

B. microti IgG/IgM Antibody
B duncani IgG/IgM Antibody*
Babesia PCR Screen
Babesia FISH (RNA)
Ehrlichiosis Tests

Anaplasma phagocytophila (HGE) IgG/IgM Ab
Anaplasma phagocytophila (HGE) PCR
Human Monocytic Ehrlichia (HME) IgG/IgM Ab
Human Monocytic Ehrlichia (HME) PCR
Bartonella Tests

Bartonella henselae IgG/IgM Antibody
Bartonella henselae PCR for Whole Blood, Serum*, or CSF
Rickettsia Tests

Rickettsia PCR for Whole Blood, Serum or CSF
There are Testing PANELS that have been put together to provide cost savings to the patient when more than one test is ordered. Please refer to the FORMS AND CODES Section. Our Patient Test Request Form lists all of the Panels available, including Panels for certain Regions of the Country you live in.

TICK TESTING IS ALSO AVAILABLE FOR:

Lyme, Babesia microti and/or Babesia duncani (formerly WA-1), Ehrlichia,
Bartonella henselea, and Rickettsia by PCR.

Patients with neurological symptoms of Lyme disease may need to have a spinal tap in order to study “the blood of the brain,” the CSF (cerebral spinal fluid). These patients may have negative blood and urine tests and show positive results with CSF. The LDA and PCR can be performed on CSF.

WHAT IS THE TREATMENT?

It is reported that Lyme disease can be treated successfully with antibiotics if caught early in the infection. Prevention is the best cure for infection. Patients whose disease is caught late often need to be on antibiotics for longer periods of time. There is controversy between physicians as to the length of treatment. ILADS physicians’ feel treatment should continue for 2 months after patient feels better. Ehrlichiosis is often treated with many of the same antibiotics used for Lyme disease. Babesia is often treated with Metron and Zithromax. Many physicians believe that they need to treat the Babesiosis before treating Lyme disease to achieve clinical success.

HOW CAN LYME DISEASE BE PREVENTED?

Wear long sleeve shirts and long pants when going into tick country. Light colors are best – ticks can be seen easier. Tuck pants into socks and spray the clothes with a known tick repellent. After being in a tick area, check skin and all hair areas completely. Promptly remove all ticks after being in an area known to harbor Lyme ticks. Check pets carefully, they are a source of entry for ticks into the house. Deer hunters need to spend extra time checking their gear before bringing it into autos and home.

HOW DO YOU REMOVE A TICK?

1. Use tweezers or forceps.
2. Grasp the tick mouthparts close to the skin.
3. Avoid squeezing the tick which may spread infected body fluids.
4 Pull the tick straight out. Do not twist. Do not attempt to burn the tick.
5. Save the tick (you may want to have it tested for B. burgdorferi or other tick-borne diseases)
6. Wash your hands with soap and water.
7. Apply antiseptic to bite site.

*Tests not available for New York Residents

Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterPin on PinterestGoogle+Share on StumbleUponshare on TumblrShare on LinkedInEmail to someone